The region of Kashmir has been in the news a lot recently. There has been an upsurge in resistance to the Indian presence there by the people of Kashmir. This has involved rioting and state sponsored killings of protesters. The Indian air force conducted airstrikes on the Pakistan-controlled part of Kashmir, in what they claimed was an attempt to destroy Kashmiri rebel strongholds there. Pakistan then launched retaliatory strikes in Indian-controlled Kashmir. This tit for tat culminated in the downing of an Indian jet fighter and the capture of the pilot, who was then returned to India in an attempt to defuse tensions. But why has this territorial dispute erupted at this time and is there any chance that it will escalate into a full scale conflict between two nuclear powers?
The following article takes us through what is happening in Kashmir, a land on the brink.