It was one of the greatest rivalries of the ancient world. The mighty Empires of both Rome and Carthage fought twice until eventually those canny Italians emerged victorious.
Carthage was a naval power. Rome was not. So it was that the Romans had to quickly learn the craft of fighting at sea. They learned fast and they learned well. Carthage, on the other hand, reputedly founded by the Phoenician queen, Dido, managed to launch a ground attack on Rome itself when the famous General, Hannibal, and his elephants invaded the northern Mediterranean only to suffer defeat and ignominy.
Here is a look at this tremendous conflict that had repercussions that are still being felt to this very day.