The Harappan Culture flourished in the Indus Valley in modern day Pakistan about 4500 years ago. It was a vibrant civilization that is still steeped in mystery. Many of the recent finds from the archaeological sites are still being deciphered today.
It is believed that it was the so-called ‘Aryan’ people, arriving from the Asian Steppes, that spelled the end of the Harappan way of life. These invaders spread east into India bringing the caste and Brahmin systems with them. They also introduced their Indo-European language into a land that previously spoke only a Dravidian tongue. Additionally, the wanderers spread east bringing both their religion and language to Europe. Most European languages today are Indo-European and are descended from the native speech of those nomadic tribes.